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𝐓𝐨𝐝𝐚𝐲 𝐦𝐚𝐫𝐤𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐉𝐲𝐨𝐭𝐢 𝐉𝐨𝐭 𝐃𝐢𝐯𝐚𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐃𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐃𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐒𝐫𝐢 𝐆𝐮𝐫𝐮 𝐍𝐚𝐧𝐚𝐤 𝐃𝐞𝐯 𝐉𝐞𝐞 𝐌𝐚𝐡𝐚𝐫𝐚𝐣.
Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee (the First Nanak, the founder of Sikhism) was born on 1469 at Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi in the present distrect of Shekhupura (Pakistan), now Nanakana Sahib. Guru Nanak Dev Jee’s father, Mehta Kalyan Das, more popularly known as Mehta Kalu Jee was the agent and Chief Accountant of Rai Bular. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee ‘s mother was Mata Tripta Jee, a simple, pious and extremely religious woman. Nanak had an elder sister, Nanki, who always cherished her younger brother.
At the age of 38, in August 1507, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee heard God ‘s call to dedicate himself to the service of humanity after bathing in “Vain Nadi” (a small river) Near Sultanpur Lodhi. The very first sentence which he uttered then was, ” There is no Hindu, no Musalman”. He now undertook long travels to preach his unique and divine doctrine (Sikhism). After visiting different places in Punjab, Guru Jee decided to proceed on four long tours covering different religious places in India and abroad. These tours are called Char Udasis of Guru Nanak Sahib.
During the four journeys, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee visited different religious places preaching Sikhism. Guru Jee went to Kurukshetra, Haridwar, Joshi Math, Ratha Sahib, Gorakh Matta (Nanak Matta), Audhya, Prayag, Varanasi, Gaya, Patna, Dhubri and Gauhati in Assam, Dacca, Puri, Cuttock, Rameshwaram, Ceylon, Bidar, Baroach, Somnath, Dwarka, Janagarh, Ujjain, Ajmer, Mathura, Pakpattan, Talwandi, Lahore, Sultanpur, Bilaspur, Rawalsar, JawalaJee, Spiti Vally, Tibet, Ladakh, Kargil, Amarnath, Srinagar and Baramula. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee also paid visit to Muslim holy places. In this regard he went to Mecca, Medina, Beghdad via Multan, Peshawar Sakhar, Son Miani, Hinglaj etc. Some accounts say that Guru Sahib reached Mecca by sea-route. Guru Sahib also visited Syra, Turkey and Tehran (the present capital of Iran). From Tehran Guru Sahib set out on the caravan route and covered Kabul, Kandhar and Jalalabad. The real aim of the tour was awakening the people to realise the truth about God and to introduce Sikhism. Guru Jee established a network of preaching centres of Sikhism which were called “ManJees”. The basic tenets of Sikhism were wilfully conceived by the people from all walks of life. The seeds of Sikhism were sown all over India and abroad in well-planned manner.
In the year 1520, Babar attacked India. His troops slaughtered thousands of innocent civilians of all walks of life. Women and children were made captives and all their property looted at Amiabad. Guru Nanak Sahib challenged this act of barbarity in strong words. He was arrested and released, shortly after making Babar realising his blunder. All the prisoners were also released.
Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee settled down at Kartarpur city (now in Pakistan) which was founded by him in 1522 and spent the rest of his life there (1522-1539). There was daily Kirtan and the institution of Langar (free kitchen) was introduced. Knowing that the end was drawing near, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee, after testing his two sons and some followers, installed Bhai Lehna Jee (Guru Angad Dev Jee) as the Second Nanak in 1539.
Thus ended the worldly journey of this god-gifted Master (Guru) of mankind. Guru Jee rejected the path of renunciation Tyaga or Yoga, the authority of the Vedas and the Hindu caste system. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee emphasised the leading of householder’s life (Grista), unattached to gross materialism. The services of mankind Sewa, Kirtan, Satsang and faith in ‘One’ Omnipotent God are the basic concepts of Sikhism established by Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee. Thus he laid the foundations of Sikhism. Guru Jee preached a new idea of God as Supreme, Universal, All-powerful and truthful. God is Formless (Nirankar), the Sole, the Creator, the self-existent, the Incomprehensible and the Ever-lasting and the creator of all things (Karta Purakh). God is infinite, All knowing, True, All-giver, Nirvair, and Omnipotent. He is Satnam, the Eternal and Absolute Truth.
As a social reformer Sri Guru Nanak Dev Jee upheld the cause of women, downtrodden and the poors. Guru Jee attacked the citadel of caste system of Hindus and theocracy of Muslim rulers. Guru Jee was a born poet. He wrote 974 hymns comprising JapJee Sahib, Aasaa-Kee-Var, Bara-Mah, Sidh-Gosht, Onkar (Dakhani) and these were included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib by Sri Guru Arjan Dev Jee. Guru Jee was also a perfect musician with the company of Bhai Mardana Jee composed such tunes in various Indian classical Ragas that charmed and tawed wild creatures like Babar, subdued saging kings, raved bigots and tyrants, made thugs and robbers saints. Guru Jee was a reformer as well as a revolutionary. God had endowed him with a contemplative mind and pious disposition. Sri Guru Arjan Dev Jee called him “the image of God, nay, God Himself”. ...
𝐓𝐨𝐝𝐚𝐲 𝐦𝐚𝐫𝐤𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐆𝐮𝐫𝐠𝐚𝐝𝗵𝗶 𝐃𝐢𝐯𝐚𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐃𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐃𝐡𝐚𝐧 𝐒𝐚𝐡𝐢𝐛 𝐒𝐫𝐢 𝐆𝐮𝐫𝐮 𝐀𝐫𝐣𝐚𝐧 𝐃𝐞𝐯 𝐒𝐚𝐡𝐢𝐛 𝐉𝐞𝐞.
Born to Bhai Jetha Jee (later Guru Raam Das Jee) and Mata Bani Jee (Guru Amar Das Jee’s daughter) in 1563, Guru Arjan Dev Jee shared a wonderful relationship with his Grandfather - Guru Amar Das Jee. Guru Sahib was very fond of His grandson and loved to play with him. One day, when Guru Amar Das Jee were resting, the child Arjan crawled towards them and tried to climb on to the bed. Upon seeing this, Mata Bhani Jee immediately tried to stop him but Guru Amar Das Jee arose from resting, and laughed. They held Arjan and lovingly said, “Dohita, Bani Ka Bohita” - “Oh my Grandson, you will be the Vessel of Gurbani, a ship to take mankind across the terrifying world-ocean”. These words stand true today - with a total of 2218 shabads, Guru Arjan Dev Jee has composed the MOST Gurbani in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee. ...
𝗧𝗼𝗱𝗮𝘆 𝗺𝗮𝗿𝗸𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗳𝗶𝗿𝘀𝘁 𝗣𝗿𝗮𝗸𝗮𝘀𝗵 𝗼𝗳 𝗔𝗮𝗱 𝗦𝗿𝗶 𝗚𝘂𝗿𝘂 𝗚𝗿𝗮𝗻𝘁𝗵 𝗦𝗮𝗵𝗶𝗯 𝗝𝗲𝗲
After the compiling and then assigning of Raags (musical modes) to Gurbani, in 1604, the compilation were sent to Lahore for binding. As soon as this was completed, Aad Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee were brought to Harmandir Sahib from Ramsar Sahib by Baba Budda Ji who carried the saroop on their head while Guru Arjan Dev Ji did Chaur Sahib seva (waving the Royal Fan above Aad Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee).
Upon arrival, Aad Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee were seated on a Manji Sahib (Respected Bedstead) and Guru Arjan Dev Jee sat lower than Them. Seeing this, the Sangat (congregation) developed the greatest respect for Gurbani (Guru’s words). Today we celebrate that auspicious day when Baba Budda Ji did Prakash of Sri Aad Granth Sahib Jee and the sangat were blessed with the following hukamnama:
ਸੂਹੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥
soohee mehalaa panjvaa |
Raag Suhi, Fifth Mehal:
ਸੰਤਾ ਕੇ ਕਾਰਜਿ ਆਪਿ ਖਲੋਇਆ ਹਰਿ ਕੰਮੁ ਕਰਾਵਣਿ ਆਇਆ ਰਾਮ ॥
santaa ke kaaraj aap khaloeaa har kam karaavan aaeaa raam |
Vaheguru Himself has stood up to resolve the affairs of the Saints; He has come to complete their tasks.
ਧਰਤਿ ਸੁਹਾਵੀ ਤਾਲੁ ਸੁਹਾਵਾ ਵਿਚਿ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤ ਜਲੁ ਛਾਇਆ ਰਾਮ ॥
dharat suhaavee taal suhaavaa vich amrit jal chhaeaa raam |
The land is beautiful, and the pool is beautiful; within it is contained the Ambrosial Water. ...